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WHAT IS SCABIES?
This is a highly contagious and common skin infection that causes extreme skin rash and itching. This skin rash is caused by Sarcoptes scabiei, parasite mites that feed on humans to survive. If not quickly treated, these parasites lay small eggs inside the skin, causing the infection to rapidly spread. These mites can lay about 40-50 eggs in their lifetime, which develop into adult mites in just 10-15 days. Scabies can survive for up to 24-36 hours without host contact.
It is believed that approximately 1 in 1000 people are infected with this itchy skin condition each month. There are usually more outbreaks of scabies in the winter time, when people tend to have more body contact with each other. Thankfully, there are many scabies treatments available which can both kill the parasites and soothe the itching symptoms.
WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE ON DIFFERENT BODY PARTS?
Scabies often looks like small red pimple-like bumps on the skin. The bumps may be crusty. They may also be accompanied by "burrows," or thin gray, brown, or red lines that radiate from the bumps. They may be hard to see, and can look like scratch marks.
HOW TO IDENTIFY SCABIES SYMPTOMS?
The most common symptoms of this skin condition are intense itching, discomfort and rashes on the skin. Here’s some more information about these symptoms:
Severe itching is one of the most common and earliest symptoms of a scabies infection. Often, the hands are affected first, before the itching spreads to other infected areas. Itching tends to be worse at night and in the evenings when your skin is warmer, interrupting the sleep of infested person. This could be just because during the day you are active and may not realize you need to scratch. Also the mites don’t move as much as they do at night. These symptoms usually appear 2-6 weeks after you have been infected because by now your body starts reacting to mite droppings, and itching may continue for up to 2-4 weeks after the mites are dead. If you’ve had scabies infection in the past, symptoms can start within one to two days even.
Recognize a Scabies Rash
This rash often occurs with the itching, and is a blotchy red rash that can affect any area of the body. Most people with scabies will see this rash on the inside of the thighs, abdomen, buttocks and armpits, and in women around the breasts. In men, skin rash can also affect the skin of the genitals. Children and the sick and elderly are more likely to experience the rash around the head and neck. In young children, the rash can be visible on the face, head, neck, scalp, palms and soles. In young infants, scabies can cause small blisters on the feet or hands. The rash can sometimes be misdiagnosed as a symptom of other skin diseases, so it is important to get it examined properly by a doctor to make sure the real skin condition.
There are tiny mite burrows visible on the skin when you have scabies. These can be identified as fine, dark or silvery lines about 2-10 mm long on the surface of the skin where the mites dig and to move around and feed on dead skin. It also has a black dot at one end that can be seen with a magnifying glass. In adults, these are usually seen on loose skin between the fingers and on the inner surface of the wrists and hands. However, this can occur anywhere on the skin, but it usually affects the warmest areas like the soles and sides of the feet. On the other hand, elderly people, young children and those with a low immune system could also develop a rash on their head and neck. Surprisingly, even infants may have scabies with blisters on their feet.
Cuts and Sores
Cuts, sores and broken skin can arise due to the intense itching that is often a complication of scabies. These often appear like tiny curving tracks. The mite tunneling under the upper layers of the skin is the result of this symptom. Sometimes you could also notice a small blister or the mite itself, which looks like a tiny black dot, at the end of a track. In some cases, damaged skin becomes infected with bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, or beta-hemolytic streptococci, which further inflames and exacerbates the rash and infection. To avoid this, it is recommended not to scratch the skin more often and rigorously. If you can't resist, consider wearing cotton mittens or trim your nails to keep yourself from damaging the skin.
There is a special type of scabies called Crusted or Norwegian scabies. This is a severe form in which hundreds to thousands of mites and mite eggs inhabit within skin crusts. The mites aren’t individually more powerful, but their high numbers make the condition extremely contagious. As a result you find thick crusts of skin that contain mites and eggs in large numbers. It can occur on any part of the body, most commonly on the scalp, hands, and feet. The scales become warty, with crusts and fissures that may sometimes have an unpleasant odor. Even the nails may get thick and discolored. Surprisingly, the affected person may or may not have symptoms of itching. Irrespective of scabies type, early recognition and treatment is always necessary.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF SCABIES?
As you know, this skin condition is initiated when a mite burrows into the skin. It is typically the female mite which buries themselves in your skin and male mites follow them entering different burrow sites looking to mate. After breeding, the male mite dies and the female begins to lay eggs, which multiplies the number of mites. The newly born mites mature into adults in 10 to 15 days out of which the males stay on the surface of the skin, while females again start to burrow back into the skin. This cycle is then repeated and initiates intense itching causing scabies. Scientifically, it is thought to be caused by the immune system reacting to the mites and their saliva, eggs and faeces.
HOW CAN IT SPREAD?
This intensely itchy skin condition gets easily transmitted via close physical contact with an infected person. In most cases, it is passed between people via skin to skin contact or sexual intercourse. Because scabies mites can live for up to 48 hours without host contact, the infection can also be passed on through furniture, clothing, linen and towels that have come into contact with them. One exception to this is Norwegian scabies where mites can be transmitted through the air.
This itchy, highly contagious skin can generally spread in the following ways:
- prolonged skin-to-skin contact
- intimate personal contact
- sharing clothing, bedding, or towels touched or used by a person infected with scabies
Since scabies is mostly transmitted through direct physical contact, the infestation can quickly pass on to our close ones like family members, friends, and sexual partners. The speed and severity of transmission to the new host depends on the severity of the infection. Without effective scabies treatment, the life cycle of the mites can continue indefinitely, increasing the chances of spreading to other people.
HOW TO GET RID OF SCABIES AT HOME?
Since the scabies infection is highly contagious and unpleasant, it’s always best to treat it as quickly as possible. If left untreated, this skin condition can develop into the much more serious condition. The most popular scabies treatments include antibiotic creams, ointments and lotions that could contain either prescription drugs or natural ingredients. These can be used to kill bacteria and soothe the itching.
If you are suffering from scabies, it’s important to have your family or living partners checked and treated too. You should also contact anyone that you’ve had close physical contact with in the previous 2 weeks, as they could also be infected. To reduce the risk of passing mites on to those you live with, change your bedding, towels and clothes regularly at 60 degrees.
NATURAL SCABIES TREATMENT OPTIONS
Natural cures have often helped people in dealing with various conditions, including Scabies. Tea tree oil is one of the most popular remedies used for tackling this skin condition caused by tiny mites. This oil is extracted from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia, a plant native to New South Wales in Australia and has been used by the people of this region for thousands of years. Studies say that it is a substance called terpinen-4-ol in tea tree oil which may help to eliminate scabies mite and their eggs, as well as give relief from the horrible itching sensations. You can add a few drops of tea tree oil to your bath water or to your laundry that may have come in contact the individual who has this skin condition to prevent further contamination. For such antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties, Tea tree oil is now used in modern topical preparations along with other natural ingredients for scabies treatment.
Here at ShytoBuy, we’ve been providing solutions and treatments for those uncomfortable and embarrassing ailments for over ten years. Our product range is naturally formulated for the best possible results. We have a range of effective natural scabies treatments containing Tea Tree Oil (melaleuca alternifolia) to offer you the best treatment method for you.
IMPORTANT POINTS WHEN YOU TREAT SCABIES:
- Find out if anyone in the family / household / your partner been diagnosed with scabies.
- During the treatment, and soon after treatment, you should always use a freshly washed towel after a shower and bath.
- Wash all the clothes and change the linen daily during treatment
- Set out your shoes for airing, hang out carpets, pillows and quilts.
- Cut the toe and finger nails before you begin treatment
- Be careful cleaning of all areas where the clothing and bedding has been, sterilize the items.