Our face is a clear reflection of our feelings, expressions, and, your overall personality; therefore, we try so hard to keep it charming always. From best of the creams to the best of face masks, we leave no stone unturned in making our facial skin glow with good health. But not all of us are blessed with healthy skin all the time and at least at some point of our life, most of us suffer with acne.
Be it a man or a woman, nothing can be more demeaning for an individual’s personality than blemishes making a cluster on different parts of face, or, on anywhere else on the body for that matter. Now while there are many possible treatments of acne that can help restore your skin health, before using any of them it is important to know what causes acne and what type of acne you suffer from. Knowing your acne condition well enough can serve as the first step towards treating it.
So what is it that causes those unsightly looking growths on your face?
Simply speaking, when hair follicles of your skin become plugged with excess of oil and dead skin cells, acne occurs. More specifically, hair follicles are connected to what are described as sebaceous glands. These glands function normally by secreting an oily substance called sebum that helps keep your skin and hair naturally lubricated and moisturized. This natural oil normally travels up the hair shaft and reaches the skin surface.
Acne develops when the sebum production goes overboard. When the sebaceous glands secrete excess of sebum and dead skin cells, the two accumulate in the hair follicle to form a soft plug and thereby, create an environment for the bacteria to thrive upon. Depending on the way it gets formed, this soft plug, aka acne, can develop into various types.
Additional factors that can further worsen acne
Hormonal imbalance - Production of androgen hormones is at its peak during puberty in both, boys and girls. This causes the sebaceous glands to widen and produce excess of sebum, thereby causing breakouts. Hormonal fluctuation caused during pregnancy or due to consuming oral contraceptives may also affect sebum production.
Carb-rich foods - Certain researches have revealed that consuming excess of dairy products and carbohydrate rich foods (bagels, breads, etc.) can lead to acne.
Drugs - If your ongoing medications contain corticosteroids, androgens or lithium as ingredients, you may contract acne issues.
Which type of acne do you have?
White head- This type of acne forms when the excess of sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells get trapped within one of your hair follicles thereby, causing the affected pore to bulge.
Blackhead- Unlike the whitehead that is formed under the surface of a closed skin pore, black head remains open to the skin surface and darkens due to oxidation.
Pimples- Pimples are red spots with a white centre that develops when the blocked hair follicle gets infected or inflamed.
Cysts- When blockage and inflammation occurs deep inside your hair follicle, a lump called cyst, is formed underneath your skin surface. Cysts are the most severe of all types of acne. These are painful and most likely to leave scars.