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What causes urinary incontinence?

What causes urinary incontinence?

Did you know that in the UK 5% of men and 13% of women experience some degree of urinary incontinence? Yes, urinary incontinence is a more common problem than you think. Read to know the causes of this problem and ways you can deal with it.


Urinary incontinence is a condition characterised by loss of bladder control that leads to unintentional passing of urine. In some people the condition leads to occasionally leaking of urine on coughing or sneezing, while there are many who experience sudden uncontrollable urge to urinate. While anyone can develop this condition, women are twice as likely as men to experience this problem.

There are mainly three types of urinary incontinence - stress incontinence, urge incontinence and overflow incontinence. In stress incontinence, physical activities can weaken the muscles that hold urine in bladder, causing urine to leak. In urge incontinence, the need to urinate is so strong that it is impossible to control the bladder. On the other hand, overflow incontinence, also known as dribbling, occurs when you urinate but do not empty the bladder completely.

Common causes of urinary incontinence

Temporary urinary incontinence can be caused by alcohol, carbonated drinks and foods that are high in spice, sugar or acid. Few medications like blood pressure medications, sedatives, and muscle relaxants can also stimulate bladder and increase volume of urine. You can experience temporary urinary incontinence if you are suffering from urinary tract infection or constipation.

While temporary incontinence is easily treatable, persistent condition can be a bit troublesome. Persistent urinary incontinence in women can be caused by pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and hysterectomy. This mainly happens due to hormonal changes that occur during these phases. Both men and women can also experience urinary problems due to increasing age. With increasing age, bladder muscles start to become weak, leading to decreased capacity of bladder to store urine.

Enlarged prostate is one of the main causes of urinary incontinence in men. In some men, stress incontinence is also associated with prostate cancer. Neurological diseases such as Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke or spinal injury can also cause urinary incontinence in both men and women. Urinary incontinence can have a grave impact on your personal and social life and hence it becomes essential to deal with the problem.

Dealing with urinary incontinence

You cannot do much about urinary incontinence caused by pregnancy and childbirth. But for other causes lifestyle changes, pelvic floor muscle training and bladder training can be really helpful. If things don’t work out then you can seek homeopathic treatments like Native Remedies Bladderwell. Drinking alcohol and caffeine in moderation can be helpful. Eating healthy diet and staying fit can also help improve bladder control.